CONJUNCTION JUNCTION – What’s your function?

Conjunctions are used to link separate ideas within the same sentence. We use different conjunctions depending on how the ideas relate to each other. Here are a few common ones with their meanings and examples.

EMPHASIZING
As a matter of fact
In fact
Indeed

REFORMULATING
That is to say
In other words
To put it differently

SUMMARIZING
In short
To sum up
In a nutshell

CONDITION
If
Unless
As long as

CONSEQUENCE
As a result
Therefore
So

CHOICE
Either … or
Neither … nor
Or

CONCESSION
Although
Even though
Despite

ADDING
Also
Furthermore
Moreover

EXPLAINING
Because (of)
Since
As

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GRAMMAR – Idioms with color

Out of the blue – randomly, without warning, surprisingly
Example: “That storm came out of the blue and I didn’t have an umbrella!”

Green with envy– to be very jealous, envious
Example: “Katie was green with envy when she saw you got a new car for your birthday.”

Gray area – something that is unclear, undefined
Example: The issue of allowing mobile phones in the classroom is a gray area right now- it could go either way.

Caught red-handed – to catch someone in the act of doing something
Example: “He was caught red-handed while stealing those candy bars.”

Green thumb – to be skilled at gardening
Example: “My mother has a green thumb- she can make anything grow!”

Black sheep – to be the outcast, the odd one out, unlike the others
Example: “Rachel is the black sheep in the family because she is an artist whereas everyone else is an economist.”

Once in a blue moon – very rarely
Example: “Once in a blue moon you will see that mean professor smile.”

Take the Red Eye – a late-night flight that arrives early in the morning
Example: “I took the red eye from California to New York last night and now I am exhausted.”

Tickled pink – to be extremely pleased
Example: “Your grandma was tickled pink that you called on her birthday!”

White lie – a small lie that is told to be polite s
Example: “I didn’t like her dress, but I told a white lie because I didn’t want to offend her.

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Improve Your Listening

Here are some ideas that you can use every day that might help you to improve your English.

Watch movies, series, and news in English (with subtitles if necessary).

Listen to music in English and try to understand the lyrics.

Watch TED Talks or other speeches in English.

Record yourself and listen to the recording. How does it sound?

Exchange text messages in English with friends and classmates.

Read books, magazines, and newspapers in English.

Switch the operating system on your phone, computer, TV, and cable box to English.

Keep a notebook and write down new words to expand your vocabulary.

Permanent link to this article: https://englishyourway.com.br/improve-your-listening/

IMPROVE YOUR ENGLISH

People always ask me what things they can do during their everyday lives that might help them improve their English. Here are a few suggestions. If you can think of any others, please add them in the comments.

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GRAMMAR – This, that, these, those

This, That, These, and Those are called demonstratives and they are used to show the relative distance between the speaker and the noun.
We use this (singular) and these (plural) to refer to something that is here / near.
We use that (singular) and those (plural) to refer to something that is there / far.

Permanent link to this article: https://englishyourway.com.br/grammar-this-that-these-those/

GRAMMAR Adjective + Preposition


Adjectives are words used to describe a person, place, or thing, for example, The tall man in the red shirt is a friend of mine. We drove along a quiet road until reaching a small town. I’m reading an interesting book. Prepositions are words used to connect two ideas or to demonstrate the relationship between two concepts.
Examples of prepositions in English include at, in, on, for, to, with, and from.

Adjective + Preposition Combinations
There are many cases in which adjectives are combined with prepositions – but there is no rule stating when to use which combination.
As you read and listen to more English, you will become more and more familiar with how these adjective-prepositions combinations are used. Here are a few of the more common combinations of adjectives and prepositions in English.

Permanent link to this article: https://englishyourway.com.br/grammar-adjective-preposition-2/

GRAMMAR – Adjective + Preposition

Adjectives are words used to describe a person, place, or thing.
For example:

The tall man in the red shirt is a friend of mine.
We drove along a quiet road until we reached a small town.
I’m reading an interesting book.

Prepositions are words used to connect two ideas or to demonstrate the relationship between two concepts.
Examples of prepositions in English include at, in, on, for, to, with, and from.

Adjective + Preposition Combinations

There are many cases in which adjectives are combined with prepositions – but there is no rule stating when to use which combination.
As you read and listen to more English, you will become more and more familiar with how these adjective-prepositions combinations are used. Here are a few of the more common combinations of adjectives and prepositions in English.

Permanent link to this article: https://englishyourway.com.br/grammar-adjective-preposition/

VOCABULARY – Beside/Besides

These two words look very similar but are quite different.
BESIDE – is a preposition and means ‘next to.’ BESIDES – as a preposition means ‘except.’ BESIDES – as an adverb means ‘also.’

Permanent link to this article: https://englishyourway.com.br/vocabulary-beside-besides/

GRAMMAR – Prepositions of Time

BETWEEN…AND – AFTER – TO/PAST – WITHIN

We use BETWEEN … AND to show when something begins and ends, or the range during which something is expected to happen.
– The concert will start between 9 pm and 10 pm.
– I lived in NY between 1985 and 1997.
– The doctor sees patients between 2 and 6 pm.

We use AFTER to refer to the time following an event or period of time.
– I usually watch TV after dinner.
– I moved to Brazil after living in NY.
– I was able to sleep after taking the sleeping pill.

We use TO/PAST when telling the time to refer to the number of minutes before (to) or after (past) and hour.
– Class starts at half past two..
– I’ve been waiting since ten to two.
– The train leaves at twenty-five past eleven.

We use WITHIN to refer to a span of time during which something will occur.
– The package should arrive within a week.
– We will have the results within minutes.
– You will receive an answer within 24 hours.

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GRAMMAR – Prepositions of Time

FROM … TO – AGO – BEFORE – BY

We use FROM … TO to show when something begins and ends.
– The class will be from 2 pm to 4 pm.
– She was sick from Tuesday to Friday.
– The course runs from January to May.

We use AGO to say how much time before now that something happened.
– I started studying English three months ago.
– I moved to Brazil 17 years ago.
– The last election was almost three years ago.

We use BEFORE to refer to a period of time preceding a particular event, date, or time.
– I usually wake up before 6:30 on weekedays.
– I had read the book before I saw the movie.
– The game is on before the News.

We use BY to say that something will happen no later than a time or date.
– Students must hand in their homework by Friday.
– I will be back by six o’clock..
– The rain should stop by the weekend.

Permanent link to this article: https://englishyourway.com.br/grammar-prepositions-of-time/

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