Return to Grammar: A Guide for ESL Students

Parts of Speech

Parts of speech

English is made up of many different types of words. We refer to these types of words as parts of speech. Some words can be used in more than one way depending on the sentence they are in.

The main parts of speech are nouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs, pronouns, prepositions  and conjunctions.

Look at the chart below to understand and see some examples of the different parts of speech.


Parts of Speech

Parts of speech are nouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs, pronouns, prepositions, articles, interjections, determiners,  and conjunctions. In this quiz, we'll focus on the first four: nouns, verbs, adjectives, and adverbs.

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Identify the part of speech of the word "quickly" in the sentence: "He ran quickly to catch the bus."

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What part of speech is the word "happy" in the sentence: "She felt happy after receiving the gift."

3 / 12

In the sentence "The cat sleeps on the soft pillow," what part of speech is "soft"?

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Which part of speech is "run" in the sentence: "She likes to run in the park."

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What is the part of speech of "happily" in the sentence: "She sang happily in the concert."

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Identify the part of speech of "apple" in the sentence: "She ate an apple for a snack."

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What part of speech is "carefully" in the sentence: "He opened the gift carefully."

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In the sentence "The children played happily outside," what part of speech is "played"?

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What part of speech is "teacher" in the sentence: "The teacher explained the lesson."

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Identify the part of speech of "beautiful" in the sentence: "She painted a beautiful picture."

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Which part of speech is "swim" in the sentence: "They like to swim in the lake."

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What is the part of speech of "quick" in the sentence: "He is a quick learner."

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The average score is 83%


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A noun alone doesn’t say much. If you wanted to buy shirt, you would need to describe what you wanted by using descriptive words like blue or long-sleeved. These descriptive words are adjectives. There are a few different types of adjectives: attributive, proper, predicative, and compound. Attributive Adjectives: Most adjectives describe attributes (characteristics) of nouns …


An adverb can modify a verb, adjective, or another adverb.  The ones we will study answer one of these questions about the verb in the sentence: When? When did they leave?  They left last week. How? How did they travel from here to Tallahassee?  They traveled by car. How does he drive?   He drives slowly …

Articles & Determiners

There are two types of articles in English: Definite and indefinite. Articles are a type of adjective and a type of determiner. They are always used with a noun. Some singular nouns require the use of an article. The definite article The definite article is the and it always comes before a noun (the word …


although – though – even though – despite – in spite of When we want to say something positive and something negative in the same sentence, we can use one of the following forms: Although (though – less formal) and even though have exactly the same meaning and have exactly the same grammatical construction. although …


What is an Interjection? Hi! That’s an interjection. Interjection is a big word that is used to describe a small word. Interjections are short exclamations like Oh! Um, or Ah! They have no real grammatical value but we use them quite often, usually more in speaking than in writing.   Here is a list of interjections with meanings and example sentences. …


A NOUN IS A WORD USED TO NAME PEOPLE, ANIMALS, PLACES OR THINGS Nouns are often called “naming” words. Every sentence must have at least one noun or pronoun. Most nouns can be either singular or plural, and can be divided into two main groups: common and proper nouns. Common Nouns Common nouns are used …


Prepositions Prepositions are used in many different ways in English – perhaps that’s why a lot of people have problems with them. Prepositions indicate relationships between other words in a sentence. Many prepositions tell you where something is (location) or when something happened (time). Most prepositions have several definitions, so the meaning changes quite a …


Are pronouns just nouns that have turned professional? Of course not! Learn all about pronouns in our new pronoun lesson – you won’t believe how useful they are. Pronouns The word pronoun means ‘for a noun’, and a pronoun is a word that takes the place of a noun. If we didn’t have pronouns, we’d …


Parts of Speech: Verbs Most verbs are action words. Some are linking. A verb is the most important word in a sentence. Without the verb, the sentence wouldn’t make much sense. The verb tells us what the subject (person or thing) is doing or being. Verbs, Subjects, and Objects All sentences require both a subject …

The Passive Voice

The passive voice is a grammatical construction where the subject of a sentence is the recipient of the action rather than the doer. In other words, the focus is on what is being done to the subject rather than who is doing it. The passive voice is formed by using a form of the verb …