GRAMMAR – How to read numbers
- 60m – sixty meters (distance)
- 25ft – twenty-five feet (distance)
- 35 km/h – thirty-five kilometers per hour (speed)
- 2.5L – two and a half liters (volume)
- 3 tbsp – three tablespoons (small volume)
- 5 tsp – five teaspoons (small volume)
- 7 lbs 8 oz – seven pounds eight ounces (weight)
- 4 kg – four kilograms (weight)
- 250 g – two hundred and fifty grams (weight)
- 1963 – nineteen sixty-three (year)
- 2002 – two thousand and two (year)
- 2020 – twenty-twenty (year)
- 1500 – fifteen hundred (number)
- $20.00 – twenty dollars (money)
- $2.10 – two dollars and ten cents (two – ten)
- €25.00 – twenty-five euro (never plural)
- £17.00- seventeen pounds
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VOCABULARY – Informal (spoken) Contractions
In English, as in most other languages, there are ways to shorten groups of words that commonly go together. We don’t do this in writing, just when we speak. They are called informal or spoken, contractions.
- ain’t – am not/is not/are not – I ain’t gonna lie.
- cos – because – I’m happy cos we won.
- cuppa – cup of – I’d love a cuppa tea.
- dunno – don’t know – I dunno what to say.
- gimme – give me – Can you gimme a ride?
- gonna – going to – I ain’t gonna lie.
- gotta – have got to – I gotta get some sleep.
- hadda – had to – She hadda go.
- hafta – have to – I hafta leave early.
- hasta – thas to – He hasta do her homework.
- kinda – kind of – It was kinda funny.
- lemme – let me – ILemme tell you a story.
- outta – out of – I gotta get outta here.
- sorta – sort of – I ‘m sorta hungry.
- wanna – want to – I wanna hold your hand.
- whatcha – what are you – Whatcha gonna do?
- ya – you – I love ya!
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GRAMMAR – Comparatives & Superlatives
A COMPARATIVE adjective is used to compare differences between the two objects they modify (larger, smaller, faster, higher). They are used in sentences where two nouns are compared, in this pattern: Noun (subject) + verb +comparative adjective + than + noun (object).
A SUPERLATIVE adjective takes a comparison to the highest degree. In other words, it is used to tell you how one object measures up against all the other objects in a group. It is always used with ‘the’ – the biggest, the fastest, etc.
Permanent link to this article: https://englishyourway.com.br/grammar-comparatives-superlatives/
PRONUNCIATION – the ED sound
There are three different ways to pronounce the ‘ED’ ending of regular verbs in the simple past tense: / t/ , / d / or / id /. The pronunciation depends on the sound at the end of the infinitive of the main verb and whether it is voiced or not. A voiced sound is one that vibrates in your throat when you say it.
T – For verbs ending in a voiceless sound (sounds made in the mouth, not the throat) we add a T sound when adding ED.
- ask – asked (askt);
- kiss – kissed (kist);
- relax – relaxed (relakst)
D – For verbs ending in a voiced sound (sounds made in the voicebox, vibrating the throat) we add a D sound when adding ED.
- call – called (calld);
- love – loved (lovd);
- earn – earned (earnd)
ID – For verbs ending in T or D, we cannot add the same sound again so we add ID and a syllable when adding ED.
- want – wanted (wantid);
- need – needed (needid);
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TIP Less & More for a HEALTHIER LIFE
Here are some simple things we can do to help us achieve a healthier lifestyle.
- LESS meat MORE vegetables
- LESS sugar MORE fruit
- LESS driving MORE walking
- LESS worrying MORE relaxing
- LESS anger MORE laughter
Permanent link to this article: https://englishyourway.com.br/tip-less-more/