GRAMMAR + Prepositions

Verbs & Prepositions

Some verbs are usually followed by prepositions before the object of the verb. These are called dependent prepositions and they are followed by a noun or a gerund (‘ing’ form).

  • He’s waiting for a bus.

For is the dependent preposition for ‘wait

We can use other prepositions with ‘wait’ – e.g. He waited at the bus stop – but ‘for’ is the dependent preposition.

Here are some other verbs with their dependent prepositions.

Verbs with ‘for’

  • He apologised for being late. You can also ‘apologise to someone’
  • I applied for the job but I didn’t get it.
  • How do you ask for a coffee in Polish?
  • She spent many years caring for her aged parents.
  • I can’t go out tonight because I have to prepare for my interview tomorrow.

 

With ‘from’

  • This spray should protect you from mosquitoes.
  • Has he recovered from his illness yet?
  • He won an award because he saved someone from drowning.
  • I suffer from hay fever.

 

With ‘in’

  • She believes in ghosts.
  • Our company specialises in computer software.
  • You have to work hard if you want to succeed in life.

 

With ‘of’

  • I don’t approve of your language, young man.
  • Our dog died of old age.
  • This shampoo smells of bananas.

 

With ‘on’

  • The film is based on the novel by Boris Pasternak.
  • If you make so much noise I can’t concentrate on my work.
  • Come on! We’re relying on you!
  • We don’t agree on anything but we’re good friends.

 

With ‘to’

  • Can I introduce you to my wife?
  • Please refer to the notes at the end for more information.
  • Nobody responded to my complaint.

 

With ‘with’

  • I agree with everything you’ve said.
  • My secretary will provide you with more information if you need it.

 

There are many more verb + dependent preposition combinations – can you think of any?

If you have any questions or doubts, please ask in the comments or send me a private message.

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or look for the hashtag #LearnEnglishWithCarlo

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GRAMMAR – Prepositions + GERUND

When a verb follows a preposition, the verb must be in the gerund form [verb+ing].
This is a rules that has no exception. A lot of prepositions follow verbs (adjust to, agree with, depend on, etc), and if a second verb follows the prepositions , it MUST be gerund.

Verb + Preposition + Gerund

  • adapt to
    People need to adapt to changing environmental conditions.
  • adjust to
    The twins had to adjust to living as singles.
  • agree (with) on
    I could not agree on spending more money on the kids.
  • apologize for
    I apologize for interrupting.
  • approve of
    I don’t approve of leaving small children home alone.
  • argue about/against
    You can’t argue about having an extra pair of hands.
  • ask about
    She asked about making another cup of tea.
  • believe in
    I believe in giving peace a chance.
  • blame for
    Who’s to blame for rising food prices?
  • care about
    She doesn’t care about getting into this college.
  • complain about
    Mother complained about being tired.
  • consist of
    Kid’s summers consist of going to the pool or the library.
  • decide on
    Ken decided on going abroad next year.
  • depend on
    I had come to depend on seeing her in my dreams.
  • disapprove of
    Some people disapprove of helping migrants.
  • discourage from
    Teenagers should be discouraged from going into internet chat rooms.
  • engage in
    Students were engaged in learning the new grammar rules.
  • forgive for
    I think Jessica will never forgive for lying.
  • get used to
    I can’t get used to living in such a crowded city.
  • give up
    Oh, I will never give up trying to find him.
  • help with
    Some children require lots of help with reading.
  • inquire about
    He inquired about attending Bob Jones University.
  • insist on
    He insisted on seeing me off at the airport.
  • interfere with
    I’m afraid your dance routine will interfere with studying.
  • keep on
    We need to keep on trying.
  • look forward to
    I look forward to going home next weekend.
  • object to
    I object to changing plans at this late date.
  • participate in
    All students participated in doing pantomimes.
  • persist in
    Some people persist in calling Pluto the ninth planet.
  • plan on
    What do you plan on doing?
  • prepare for
    Instructors vary in how they prepare for teaching a course.
  • profit from
    Henry profited from selling his parents’ house.
  • prohibit from
    We are prohibited from doing lots of things in this school.
  • put off
    Do you ever put off going to a doctor?
  • succeed in
    She’s succeeded in making you jealous, hasn’t she?
  • suffer from
    Doctors say children can suffer from playing video games.
  • talk about
    We talked about going to Italy for our summer vacations.
  • take part in
    Many people took part in bringing the lost child home.
  • there’s no point in
    There is no point in arguing with them.
  • think about
    Jake and Julia think about getting married.
  • warn about
    They warned us about speeding on this road.
  • work on
    Brian really has to work on improving his vocabulary.
  • worry about
    I always worry about losing things.

 

Can you think of any other examples?

If you have any questions or doubts, please ask in the comments or send me a private message.

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or look for the hashtag #LearnEnglishWithCarlo

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VOCABULARY – Forest Animals

I had a special request for Forest Animals on my Instagram account so I found this image of a postcard online and thought it would be interesting to share.

These are animals of the Black Forest.

If you have any questions or doubts, please ask in the comments or send me a private message.

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or look for the hashtag #LearnEnglishWithCarlo

Permanent link to this article: https://englishyourway.com.br/vocabulary-forest-animals/

VACABULARY – Men’s Clothing

Here is a slide of some common men’s clothing:

  • Sweater (jumber)
  • Shirt
  • Jeans
  • Gloves
  • Cap
  • Suit
  • Hawaiian shirt
  • Singlet
  • Business shoes
  • Flip-flops
  • Shorts
  • Cardigan
  • Jacket
  • Shoes
  • Bow tie
  • Sleeveless shirt
  • Vest
  • Long-sleeved shirt (top)
  • Polo shirt
  • Jumper (sweater)
  • Trench coat
  • Bath robe
  • Cargo pants
  • Swim trunks
  • Blazer

 

If you have any questions or doubts, please ask in the comments or send me a private message.

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or look for the hashtag #LearnEnglishWithCarlo

Permanent link to this article: https://englishyourway.com.br/vacabulary-mens-clothing/

VOCABULARY – More Vegetables

Here is some vocabulary for common vegetables. In this image you can see the following vegetables:

  • Zucchini
  • Tomatoes
  • Sweet potatoes
  • Radishes
  • Pumpkins
  • Potatoes
  • Peas
  • Onions
  • Eggplant
  • Green beans
  • Lettuse
  • Mushrooms
  • Cauliflower
  • Celery
  • Corn
  • Cucumber
  • Broccoli
  • Brussels srouts
  • Cabbage
  • Carrots
  • Artichoke
  • Asparagus
  • Beetroot (beets)
  • Bell pepper

 

Do you like vegetables? Are you vegetarian? Are you vegan? Tell me what your favorite vegetables are.

If you have any questions or doubts, please ask in the comments or send me a private message.

Follow me on Instagram: @englishyourwaybr
or look for the hashtag #LearnEnglishWithCarlo

Permanent link to this article: https://englishyourway.com.br/vocabulary-more-vegetables/

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