GRAMMAR – Simple Present Tense

When do we use the SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE?

When something is generally or always true (FACTS or STATES).
The book is on the table.
The tables aren’t blue.
Why is the door open?
People need water.

For a situation that we think is somewhat permanent.
I live in Brazil.
She doesn’t eat meat.
I am a teacher.
Do you have a car?

For habits or things we do regularly.
I watch TV in the evening.
We usually eat Sunday lunch together.
I have a karate class on Mondays.
He drinks coffee with breakfast.

When we are telling jokes.
A horse walks into a bar.
The barman sees him.
The barman asks: Why the long face?

To talk about the future when we are discussing a timetable or a plan.
The movie starts at 8 pm.
What time does the train leave?
The class ends at 7:45 pm.
The ship doesn’t sail at 3 pm.

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Here are some common prepositional phrases, also known as Collocations with prepositions.

PREPOSITIONS with expressions

In the afternoon
In March
In 2024
In winter
In 20 minutes
In the end
In a minute
In order

For a walk
For a change
For an hour
For two days
For lunch
For a moment
For a while
For a reason

At night
At school
At work
At home
At ten o’clock
At last
At times
At first sight

On the phone
On the bus
On May 5th
On my birthday
On Sunday
On foot
On duty
On target

By plane
By train
By the way
By tomorrow
By mistake
By no means
By now

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What day is today?

Days of the week (phonetic spelling).

  • Monday (mandei)
  • Tuesday (tiusdei)
  • Wednesday (uenzdei)
  • Thursday (thorzdei)
  • Friday (fraidei)
  • Saturday (sadadei)
  • Sunday (sandei)

REMEMBER: Days of the week always start with a capital letter.

We use the verb TO BE to say what day it is.

  • What day is today?
  • It’s Wednesday.
  • What day is tomorrow?
  • It’s Thursday.
  • What day was yesterday?
  • It was Tuesday.

We use the preposition ON to say which day something happens.

  • My vacation starts on Saturday.
  • The next game is on Sunday.
  • My doctor’s appointment is on Monday.

Other important vocabulary:

  • Yesterday (one day ago)
  • The day before yesterday (two days ago)
  • Tomorrow (one day from now)
  • The day after tomorrow (two days from now)

Days of the Week

What day is today?

1 / 15

Which letter is silent in Wednesday

2 / 15

Which day comes before Friday?

3 / 15

Which day comes between Tuesday and Thursday?

4 / 15

The first day of the work week is _____ .

5 / 15

We use the preposition ____ with days.

6 / 15

There are ____ working days in a week.

7 / 15

There are _____ days in a week.

8 / 15

Saturday and Sunday are ___________ .

9 / 15

Which day comes after Wednesday?

10 / 15

Which day comes before Friday?

11 / 15

Which day comes before Tuesday?

12 / 15

Today is Monday. What day is tomorrow?

13 / 15

Today is Friday. What day was yesterday?

14 / 15

Today is Monday. What day is the day after tomorrow?

15 / 15

Today is Monday. What day was the day before yesterday?

Your score is

The average score is 0%


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EXCEPT means “not including” or “besides.” You can use either EXCEPT or EXCEPT FOR as a conjunction to introduce a clause containing the only thing that was not included in the main part of a sentence:
Everybody came to the party, EXCEPT/EXCEPT FOR Jonah.
He ate everything on the plate, EXCEPT/EXCEPT FOR the broccoli.
I have no time in my schedule, EXCEPT/EXCEPT FOR an hour on Friday.

You can use EXCEPT FOR when you want to show that the statement in the main part of the sentence is not completely true:
My vacation was great, EXCEPT FOR the rain. (So, not completely great because of the rain).
I finished cleaning the whole house, EXCEPT FOR the bedrooms. (So, I didn’t completely clean.)
We drank all the liquor, EXCEPT FOR one case of Gin. (So, we didn’t completely drunk.)

You can use EXCEPT followed by a few different grammatical patterns:

I never go to the mall, except to buy presents.

I don’t do anything except work in the office.

There are no good stores except in the mall.

He’s great, except that he is always late.

Except or Except For

1 / 12

Nobody helped me _______ Giuliana.

2 / 12

Nobody came _______ Tommy and Julie.

3 / 12

I have cleaned the whole house _______ the bathroom.

4 / 12

He ate everything on his plate _______ the broccoli.

5 / 12

These days I don’t do anything _______ work in the office.

6 / 12

They brought all their toys _______ the Lego.

7 / 12

All the boys passed the test _______ Luca.

8 / 12

I never go to the mall, _______ to shop for Christmas presents.

9 / 12

Everyone stood up _______ John.

10 / 12

All the guests have arrived _______ two.

11 / 12

You can’t buy those spices anywhere _______ at an Indian grocery store.

12 / 12

He does not know any language _______ French.

Your score is

The average score is 83%


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GRAMMAR – (be) used to

We use USED TO + INFINITIVE when referring to a past habit or action that we no longer do.

We use BE USED TO NOUN/GERUND to express that we are accustomed to something.

be used to can be followed by a noun. When it is followed by an action (verb) the verb must be in the gerund (verb+ing) because it’s following a preposition.

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CONJUNCTION JUNCTION – What’s your function?

Conjunctions are used to link separate ideas within the same sentence. We use different conjunctions depending on how the ideas relate to each other. Here are a few common ones with their meanings and examples.

As a matter of fact
In fact

That is to say
In other words
To put it differently

In short
To sum up
In a nutshell

As long as

As a result

Either … or
Neither … nor

Even though


Because (of)

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GRAMMAR – Idioms with color

Out of the blue – randomly, without warning, surprisingly
Example: “That storm came out of the blue and I didn’t have an umbrella!”

Green with envy– to be very jealous, envious
Example: “Katie was green with envy when she saw you got a new car for your birthday.”

Gray area – something that is unclear, undefined
Example: The issue of allowing mobile phones in the classroom is a gray area right now- it could go either way.

Caught red-handed – to catch someone in the act of doing something
Example: “He was caught red-handed while stealing those candy bars.”

Green thumb – to be skilled at gardening
Example: “My mother has a green thumb- she can make anything grow!”

Black sheep – to be the outcast, the odd one out, unlike the others
Example: “Rachel is the black sheep in the family because she is an artist whereas everyone else is an economist.”

Once in a blue moon – very rarely
Example: “Once in a blue moon you will see that mean professor smile.”

Take the Red Eye – a late-night flight that arrives early in the morning
Example: “I took the red eye from California to New York last night and now I am exhausted.”

Tickled pink – to be extremely pleased
Example: “Your grandma was tickled pink that you called on her birthday!”

White lie – a small lie that is told to be polite s
Example: “I didn’t like her dress, but I told a white lie because I didn’t want to offend her.

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Improve Your Listening

Here are some ideas that you can use every day that might help you to improve your English.

Watch movies, series, and news in English (with subtitles if necessary).

Listen to music in English and try to understand the lyrics.

Watch TED Talks or other speeches in English.

Record yourself and listen to the recording. How does it sound?

Exchange text messages in English with friends and classmates.

Read books, magazines, and newspapers in English.

Switch the operating system on your phone, computer, TV, and cable box to English.

Keep a notebook and write down new words to expand your vocabulary.

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People always ask me what things they can do during their everyday lives that might help them improve their English. Here are a few suggestions. If you can think of any others, please add them in the comments.

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GRAMMAR – This, that, these, those

This, That, These, and Those are called demonstratives and they are used to show the relative distance between the speaker and the noun.
We use this (singular) and these (plural) to refer to something that is here / near.
We use that (singular) and those (plural) to refer to something that is there / far.

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