GRAMMAR – Conjunctions

GRAMMAR – Subordinating Conjunctions

Subordinating conjunctions are words or phrases that introduce dependent clauses in a sentence. Adjective clauses are dependent clauses used to do what an adjective does: modify or describe a noun. The seven subordinating conjunctions that introduce adjective clauses are: who, whom, which, that, whose, when, where.

Use who, whom, or that if the adjective clause is describing a person.

  • Mr. Ross, who claimed to be innocent, was sentenced to three years in prison.
  • The criminal to whom the pardon was given expressed his gratitude.
  • The man that was arrested was later proven to be innocent.

Use which or that if the adjective clause is describing a thing or idea.

  • The proposal that has been made to build a swimming pool has many benefits.
  • The swimming pool proposal, which the community supports, has many benefits.

Use whose to show possession.

  • The man whose daughter is missing is in severe shock.
  • Dr. Gupta, whose patients mostly have ADD, is an expert on the disease.

Use when and where if the adjective clause is giving information about a time or place.

Remember to add a subject after when or where.

  • I became a doctor in the early eighties when there were a few cases of AIDS.
  • The criminal was sent to a prison where there were thousands of prisoners

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