The Verb “To Do”
The verb to do is another common verb in English. It can be used as an auxiliary and a main verb. It is often used in questions.
|Affirmative||Negative||Interrogative||Short answers||Short answers|
|I do||I don’t ..||Do I .. ?||Yes, I do.||No, I don’t.|
|You do||You don’t ..||Do you ..?||Yes, you do.||No, you don’t.|
|He does||He doesn’t ..||Does he .. ?||Yes, he does.||No, he doesn’t.|
|She does||She doesn’t ..||Does she .. ?||Yes, she does.||No, she doesn’t.|
|It does||It doesn’t ..||Does it .. ?||Yes, it does.||No, it doesn’t.|
|We do||We don’t ..||Do we .. ?||Yes, we do.||No, we don’t.|
|You do||You don’t ..||Do you .. ?||Yes, you do.||No, you don’t.|
|They do||They don’t ..||Do they .. ?||Yes, they do.||No, they don’t.|
The verb “do” is a very important verb. We use it to make the present tense, the present tense negative, and for asking questions.
- I do many things on the weekend. (present tense, “do” is the main verb)
- He doesn’t like to study. (present tense negative, “like” is the main verb)
- Do you want a coffee? (present tense question, “want” is the main verb)
“Do” is often used as a main verb, but only for particular activities, such as housework, cleaning, studying, research, and shopping.
- I do the dishes every night. (do = wash)
- She does her grocery shopping at the corner store.
- They do their homework at home.
The past tense form of “do” is “did.”
- I did the dishes last night.
- She did her grocery shopping at Cub.
“Do” is also used for creating emphasis:
- John said, “You don’t like this very much.”
Mary answered, “No. I do like it!”