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Parts of Speech

English is made up of many different types of words. We refer to these types of words as parts of speech. Some words can be used in more than one way depending on the sentence they are in.

The main parts of speech are nouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs, pronouns, prepositions  and conjunctions.

Look at the chart below to understand and see some examples of the different parts of speech.

Parts of speech

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Parts of speech - ADJECTIVES - comparatives superlatives

Adjectives

A noun alone doesn’t say much. If you wanted to buy shirt, you would need to describe what you wanted by using descriptive words like blue or long-sleeved. These descriptive words are adjectives. There are a few different types of adjectives: attributive, proper, predicative, and compound.

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Adverbs

An adverb can modify a verb, adjective, or another adverb.  The ones we will study answer one of these questions about the verb in the sentence: When? When did they leave?  They left last week. How? How did they travel from here to Tallahassee?  They traveled by car. How does he drive?   He drives slowly …

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Articles & Determiners

There are two types of articles in English: Definite and indefinite. Articles are a type of adjective and a type of determiner. They are always used with a noun. Some singular nouns require the use of an article. The definite article The definite article is the and it always comes before a noun (the word …

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Conjunctions

although – though – even though – despite – in spite of When we want to say something positive and something negative in the same sentence, we can use one of the following forms: Although (though – less formal) and even though have exactly the same meaning and have exactly the same grammatical construction. although …

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Determiners

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Interjections

What is an Interjection? Hi! That’s an interjection. Interjection is a big word that is used to describe a small word. Interjections are short exclamations like Oh! Um, or Ah! They have no real grammatical value but we use them quite often, usually more in speaking than in writing.   Here is a list of interjections with meanings and example sentences. …

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Nouns

A NOUNS IS A WORD USED TO NAME PEOPLE, ANIMALS, PLACES OR THINGS Nouns are often called “naming” words. Every sentence must have at least one noun or pronoun. Most nouns can be either singular or plural, and can be divided into two main groups: common and proper nouns. Common Nouns Common nouns are used …

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Prepositions

Prepositions of Place: at, on, and in We use at for specific addresses. My English class is at 404 Avenida Branco in Florianópolis.   We use on to designate names of streets, avenues, etc. She lives on Avenida Beira Mar.   We use in for the names of land-areas (towns, counties, states, countries, and continents). …

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Pronouns

Are pronouns just nouns that have turned professional? Of course not! Learn all about pronouns in our new pronoun lesson – you won’t believe how useful they are. Pronouns The word pronoun means ‘for a noun’, and a pronoun is a word that takes the place of a noun. If we didn’t have pronouns, we’d …

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Verbs

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