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CONDITIONALS – The First Conditional

The first conditional has the present simple after ‘if’, then the future simple in the other clause:

if + present simple, will + base verb…

Will + base verb if present simple.

The First Conditional is a REAL and is used to talk about things which might happen in the future.

  • If Sally is late again I will be mad.
  • If it rains, I won’t go to the park.
  • I will be mad if Sally is late again.
  • If I have enough money, I‘ll buy some new shoes.
  • She‘ll be late if the train is delayed.
  • If I study today, I‘ll go to the party tonight.
  • If I see her, I‘ll tell her.
  • If it rains, you will get wet.
  • You will get wet if it rains.
  • If you don’t hurry, you will miss the bus..

First vs. Zero Conditional:

The first conditional describes a specific situation, and the zero conditional describes what happens in general.

For example (zero conditional):
If it rains, the grass gets wet.
This is a general fact. It’s always true.

But (first conditional):
If it rains tomorrow, I’ll need my umbrella.
This refers to a specific situation (tomorrow) not a general fact.

or more about the Zero Conditional, see the Zero Conditional Page

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